In 325 , at the age of 4, Crown Prince Jin Chengdi succeeds his father Jin Mingdi as Emperor of the Jin Dynasty.
Comet 1P/374 E1, aka Halley's Comet, approaches within in 0.0884 AUs of Earth in 374.
In 527, the Byzantine Emperor Justin names his nephew Justinian I as co-rule and his successor.
In 1293, Robert Winchesley goes to Rome to be consecrated as the Archbishop of Canterbury.
In 1504, English guilds come under state control.
In 1663, the Dutch town of Gemert fines unwed mothers 50 guilders.
Jonathan Swift Publishes Drapier's letters in 1724.
In 1748, the ruins of Pompeii were found by Domenico Fontana.
In 1778, A businessman from New Orleans named Oliver Pollock creates the "$" symbol.
The first capital United States was New York City, and in 1789 the United States House of Representatives held its first quorum. They elected Frederick
Muhlenberg of the state of Pennsylvania as the very first Speaker of the House.
Dutch feminist, Etta Palm demands a woman's right to divorce in 1792.
In 1826, Samuel Morey patents his internal combustion engine.
During the Convention of 1833, there was a gathering of the settlers in Mexican Texas to help draft a series of petitions to the Mexican government. On this day the convention began in San Felipe de Austin.
Aboard his HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin reaches Cocos Islands in 1836.
In 1853, Cincinatti, Ohio became the first US city to pay its firefighters a regular salary.
Charles Dickens' Hard Times began its serialization in the magazine Household Words in 1854.
In 1857, Herman Melville publishes The Confidence Man.
In 1862, during the American Civil War there was the Shenandoah Valley Campaign and Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, Virginia.
During the American Civil War, in 1863, the first wartime United States conscription law goes into effect.
In 1865, there was the Battle of Five Forks, Virginia.
The United States Congress rejects presidential veto which gives equal rights to blacks in 1866.
In 1867, Blacks vote in a municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama.
In 1873, the British ship the RMS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, killing 547 people.
It was the first National League baseball game on this day in 1876. The score was Boston-6, Philadelphia-5.
In 1881, there were Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem, Israel.
In 1891, The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
The British East African Protectorate becomes the colony of Kenya in 1905.
In 1919, the Staatliches Bauhaus School was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar.
Six Irish Catholic civilians are shot and/or beaten to death by a gang of policemen in Belfast, Northern Ireland in 1922.
For his participation in the Beer Hall Putsch, Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in prison in 1924. With that said, he only spends nine months in jail and during that stay writes Mein Kampf.
In 1929, Louie Marx introduces the Yo-Yo.
In 1933, the newly elected Nazis organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish owned businesses in Germany.
India's central bank, The Reserve Bank of India, is formed in 1935.
In 1938, the Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York.
In 1939 Generalisimo Francisco Franco announces the end of the Spanish Civil War.
There was a military coup in Iraq this day in 1941. The military overthrew the regime of Abd-al-allah and installed Rashid Ali as Prime Minister.
In 1945, United States troops land in Okinawa, Japan in the last campaign of World War II. This was called Operation Iceberg.
An 8.6 magnitude earthquake near the Aleutian Islands creates a tsunami that strikes the Hawaiian Islands killing 159 in Hilo in 1946.
In 1947, Paul ascends to the throne of Greece upon the death of his brother George II.
In 1949, the 26 counties of the Irish Free State become the Republic of Ireland.
The United States performs a nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site in 1952.
President Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado in 1954.
The United States Department of Transportation begins operation in 1967.
In 1970, President Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law which requires the Surgeon General's warnings on all tobacco products. This act also bans cigarette advertisements on TV and radio.
During the Bangladesh Liberation War, the Pakistani Army massacred over 1,000 people in Keraniganj Upazila, Bangladesh in 1971.
By officially overthrowing the Shah, Iran becomes an Islamic Republic by a 99% vote in 1979.
Margaret Thatcher's Community Charge (aka the "poll tax") is introduced in Scotland in 1989.
In 1992, the Bosnian War begins.
In 1999, Nunavut is established as its own Canadian territory. It was carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.
In 2001, the Netherlands becomes the first country to allow same-sex marriages by passage of a law.
A lot more happened on this day, but I think this is a good start, and if today is your birthday HAPPY BIRTHDAY!